Peperomia Rosso Care Guide – Growing and Propagation

Peperomia rosso ( Peperomia caperata ‘Rosso’) is one of the most appreciated plants by collectors. Its stunning beauty and colorful foliage give a blissful touch to any space. This plant remains compact making it a perfect choice for tabletops, desks, and any small spaces.

While peperomia rosso is mainly grown for its striking foliage, it also produces small flowers in spring and summer but they are usually not conspicuous. The clustering leaves are often heart-shaped and are deeply wrinkled with a rich, reddish-purple underside.

Peperomia Rosso is a cultivar of the Peperomia caperata species, native to tropical regions of South America. In their natural habitat, they can be found growing on the forest floor, and this explains their preference for indirect light and immense love for high humidity.

Peperomia rosso

Before we delve deeper into how to grow and care for peperomia rosso, here is a summary of what describes this wonderful plant.

Botanical NamePeperomia caperata ‘Rosso’
Common NamesPeperomia rosso, Emerald Ripple Pepper
Plant type Perennial Succulent
Mature size8 inches wide, 8 inches tall
Bloom timeSpring, summer (Green flowers)
Sun exposurePartial ( Bright, indirect light)
Soil typeMoist, well-draining
HardinessUSD Zones 11-12
ToxicityNot noxic to pets and humans

Peperomia rosso plant care

Growing and caring for peperomia rosso isn’t hard, especially in tropical regions. As a houseplant, it will need a warm place with bright indirect light and well-drained soil that retains some consistent amount of moisture. You can also grow it outdoors in USDA zones 11 and 12.

This succulent is super versatile and its love for humidity also makes it a great beginner plant for terrariums. Here are the basic requirements for growing Peperomia caperata ‘Rosso’.


Peperomia rosso needs bright indirect light to grow healthy. The plant can cope with moderate to low light conditions but avoid exposing it to full sun or direct sunlight. The intensive heat can damage or scorch the leaves which can affect its appearance and health.

If you are growing peperomia rosso indoors, place it near the west or east-facing window where it can receive the morning or late afternoon sunlight. During summer or intensive afternoon sunlight, you may consider moving the plant at least a meter away from the window.

Despite its tolerance to low light conditions, peperomia rosso can grow leggy. The addition of artificial grow lights can make your plant grow compact, healthy, and full. Make sure to rotate the plant after every two weeks for all sides to get an even amount of light.


Watering peperomia rosso can be a delicate balance, you have to aim for consistently moist soil without overwatering. The technique is to water the plant regularly but when the top inch of the soil feels dry. Stick your index finger in the soil to determine if the plant needs watering.

When watering, give the plant a thorough soaking and allow the excess water to drain out completely. Watering can be done twice or thrice a week depending on the weather conditions. Peperomia rosso is prone to root rot when overwatered or sitting in standing water.


Peperomia sosso like most succulent plants needs loose airy soil but it has to retain some moisture consistently. You may use a standard houseplant potting mix for orchids or succulents or make your own soil by blending perlite with peat moss or coconut coir in equal parts.

Temperature and humidity

Being a cultivar of a tropical plant, peperomia rosso prefers warm and humid conditions. Indoors, maintain temperatures in the range of 70-75 degrees Fahrenheit (21-24°C) and humidity level of 70-80% respectively. However, standard household humidity levels are also sufficient.

If you are growing peperomia rosso outdoors, ensure to protect it from freezing temperatures or move it indoors.

Tip: If the air in your home is too dry, mist the plant to boost humidity around it. You may also place it near a bowl of water or on top of a pebble tray half filled with water. As the water evaporates, the plant will be enjoying some humidity.


Peperomia sosso doesn’t rely so much on supplemental fertilizers but you can feed once or twice during spring and summer to boost growth and flowering. During this time, apply a houseplant fertilizer diluted to half-strength. Stop fertilizing in the fall and winter months.


Peperomia rosso is a compact plant that hardly grows more than 8 inches tall or wide. Therefore pruning is always not necessary unless it has become leggy or extremely out of proportion. Removing dead or decaying leaves is recommended, but use clean sharp pruners.

If you want to prune this plant, do so sparingly and typically in spring during the active growth seasons. You can use the leaves or stem to propagate new plants if you wish to expand your collection or share the plat with friends and family.


Peperomia caperata ‘Rosso is a slow-growing plant and can take years before it becomes pot-bound. However, repotting is necessary when the plant appears to have outgrown its current pot. Roots overcrowding can cause stunted growth due to poor uptake of water, air, and nutrients.

When potting or repotting, it’s important to use well-draining soil and a pot with drainage holes. It’s also best to do the transplant in the spring or early summer when the plant is actively growing. 

How to propagate peperomia rosso

The easiest way to propagate peperomia rosso is through leaf or stem cuttings. You’ll have the best chance of success by rooting them in water. To start the project, you’ll need a healthy peperomia plant, a small jar of water, and a clean sharp knife or scissors.

What to do next

  1. Choose a healthy leaf on your peperomia rosso plant and cut it close to the base using a clean sharp knife or your pair of scissors.
  2. Insert the leaf cutting in the jar of water so that most of the stem is submerged.
  3. Place the cutting in a warm place with bright indirect light.
  4. Change the water every 4 to 5 days to keep it clean and free from fungi or bacteria
  5. Under proper conditions, the roots may form after a few weeks. Just allow them to grow a bit longer.
  6. Transfer your plant into a pot with well-draining soil, water properly, and place the plant in a warm place with bright indirect light.

Common problems and their solutions

Peperomia rosso plants are generally resistant to most garden pests and diseases. However, they can be susceptible to mealybugs, spider mites, and scale insects when not given proper care. If you suspect pests, inspect and treat them with neem oil or insecticidal soap.

Root rot is also a common problem in overwatered plants. Signs may include plant shriveling, leaves turning yellow, or plant wilting. Root rot is a serious problem caused when roots don’t get proper air circulation. You can save the plant by removing the damaged roots and repotting in fresh soil mix.

Powdery mildew can also be a problem in plants that are overwatered or left in dark damp conditions. This fungi spreads quickly and can easily cover the whole plant in a matter of days. Controlling majorly involves proper cultural management techniques including proper ventilation, balanced watering, and regular inspection.

Other common problems include slow growth, which can result from a number of issues including lack of nutrients, poor lighting, insufficient watering and sometimes underlying problems like pests or disease.

Final thought

Peperomia rosso is a low-maintenance plant and you can grow it without any difficulty. As a cultivar of a tropical plant, it prefers warm conditions with bright indirect sunlight. Watering must be regular but with care. The soil should retain consistent moisture without getting soggy.

When potting or repotting, ensure to use a well-draining pot with drainage holes at the bottom. Fertilizing is not mandatory but you can feed once in a while during spring and summer. If you need more plants you can easily propagate peperomia rosso through stem cuttings.

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